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Amanda H. Podany's The Ancient Near East: A Very Short Introduction PDF

By Amanda H. Podany

ISBN-10: 0195377990

ISBN-13: 9780195377996

The traditional close to East is called the "cradle of civilization"--and for reliable cause. Mesopotamia, Syria, and Anatolia have been domestic to an awfully wealthy and profitable tradition. certainly, it was once a time and position of earth-shaking adjustments for humankind: the beginnings of writing and legislation, kingship and forms, international relations and state-sponsored battle, arithmetic and literature.

This Very brief creation deals a desirable account of this momentous time in human historical past. the 3 thousand years coated here--from round 3500 BCE, with the founding of the 1st Mesopotamian towns, to the conquest of the close to East through the Persian king Cyrus the nice in 539 BCE-represent a interval of impressive innovation, from the discovery of the wheel and the plow, to early achievements in astronomy, legislations, and international relations.

As historian Amanda Podany explores this period, she overturns the preferred photo of the traditional global as a primitive, violent position. we find that girls had many rights and freedoms: they can personal estate, run companies, and symbolize themselves in courtroom. Diplomats traveled among the capital towns of significant powers making sure peace and friendship among the kings. Scribes and students studied the celebrities and will are expecting eclipses and the hobbies of the planets.

Every bankruptcy introduces the reader to a specific second in historic close to japanese background, illuminating such features as exchange, faith, international relations, legislations, war, kingship, and agriculture. every one dialogue specializes in facts supplied in or 3 cuneiform texts from that point. those files, the towns within which they have been chanced on, the folk and gods named in them, the occasions they recount or mirror, all supply shiny testimony of the period during which they have been written.

About the sequence: Oxford's Very brief Introductions sequence bargains concise and unique introductions to quite a lot of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary concept to historical past, and Archaeology to the Bible. no longer easily a textbook of definitions, every one quantity during this sequence offers trenchant and provocative--yet regularly balanced and complete--discussions of the critical matters in a given self-discipline or box. each Very brief creation offers a readable evolution of the topic in query, demonstrating how the topic has constructed and the way it has motivated society. ultimately, the sequence will surround each significant educational self-discipline, providing all scholars an obtainable and plentiful reference library. regardless of the zone of research that one deems very important or attractive, regardless of the subject that fascinates the final reader, the Very brief Introductions sequence has a convenient and reasonable advisor that would most probably turn out essential.

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Additional resources for The Ancient Near East: A Very Short Introduction

Sample text

Chr. in der Regel unter der Gewalt ihres Vaters. Die patria potestas reichte theoretisch bis zum Tötungsrecht, das aber faktisch nur sehr selten ausgeübt wurde. 16. Wie gestaltete sich das Verhältnis von Alten und Jungen? Die Wahrnehmung der Alten und der Jungen, die soziale und politische Bedeutung der Alten und der ‹Dialog der Generationen› waren in den einzelnen antiken Gesellschaften sehr unterschiedlich. Einige verallgemeinernde Aussagen lassen sich dennoch machen: Während sich zahlreiche antike Autoren, aber auch Gesetzestexte mit dem Alter beschäftigen, wird Kindern und Jugendlichen nur ein mäßiges Interesse entgegengebracht.

Die Bevölkerung, die in Athen und Attika lebte, gliederte sich in drei rechtlich definierte Kategorien: in Bürger, Metoiken und Sklaven. Alle Bürger waren politisch und rechtlich gleichgestellt. Das Bürgerrecht war die Voraussetzung für politische Teilhabe. Den Bürgern vorbehalten war in der Regel auch das Recht, in der Polis Grund und Boden besitzen zu dürfen. Die Metoiken (wörtlich: «Mitbewohner») waren griechische wie nichtgriechische Freie, die dauerhaft in Athen oder Attika wohnten; sie sind zu unterscheiden von den Fremden, die sich nur vorübergehend in Athen aufhielten.

Sein Name weist auf den alten, bei Homer bezeugten Namen von Delphi als Python. Erst in späterer Zeit bezog man den Namen auf den gleichnamigen Drachen, den Apollon getötet haben soll, um die Stätte in Besitz zu nehmen. Von «Python» leitete sich auch der Name der prophetischen Seherin, der «Pythia», her, die die Weissagungen des Gottes verkündete. Die Pythia war eine einfache Frau, die lebenslang Apollon diente und aus Gründen der kultischen Reinheit keusch leben mußte. Sie vermittelte als Medium den Ratsuchenden die Antworten des Gottes; nur in den drei Wintermonaten schwieg sie, da man glaubte, Apollon halte sich zu dieser Zeit nicht in Delphi auf.

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The Ancient Near East: A Very Short Introduction by Amanda H. Podany

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