By Peter Knoepfel, Corinne Larrue, Frédéric Varone, Michael Hill
This ebook - the English model of a textbook for coverage practitioners in Switzerland and France - explains key principles from legislation, sociology, political technological know-how, and administrative technology and is written in a fashion that's understandable to readers who would possibly not have a tutorial historical past within the social sciences. The publication relies on research and examine performed via the authors and utilized to assorted domain names of public motion. It offers a version for the research of public coverage, in addition to examples of the applying of this version in daily political-administrative occasions. It additionally explores the foremost components in coverage research taking a look at definitions of coverage, the types of coverage actors, the assets used, and the impression of associations.
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Extra resources for Public policy analysis
This phase is generally a lot more complex than it seems. Here again, several filtering mechanisms will come into play (for example, non-execution, selective application). • Finally, the evaluation phase, which we consider as a constituent element of a policy, aims to determine the results and effects of a policy in terms of the changes in behaviour of target groups (impacts) and problem resolution (outcomes). The interpretation of public interventions as processes (a dynamic vision rather than the static one that is typical of the traditional legal approach) makes it possible to highlight ‘filtering’ phenomena, such as, for example, the failure to take the initially identified beneficiary groups into account during a development process (for example, a motorway construction project that crosses areas populated by immigrants or other disadvantaged groups, or the construction of hightension lines at the cost of nature conservation) (see Knoepfel, 1997a).
The solution to this problem, however, must either involve, as in this proposition, the acceptance of stated intentions or the imposition in the analysis of the presumed intention (with the analyst acknowledging that this is their imposed assumption). Hence this example may be quite appropriately explored in terms of the policy’s impact on traffic congestions (as it is in practice) but could alternatively be explored as revenue-raising policy. 1 for further discussion of issues about alternative problem definitions.
Thus, a programme may be implemented prior to its precise formulation during the emergence of new problems (for example, in the case of efforts to overcome pollution caused by agriculture in France; see Larrue, 2000). Breaks may also occur in the process with the reformulation of the public problem and the solutions before the measures initially planned are implemented and/or evaluated (for example, in the case of political asylum policy in Switzerland; see Frossard and Hagmann, 2000; there are similarities to this in the UK in the case of the rapid succession of political responses to fears about terrorism, with new initiatives occurring before exiting policies have been properly established).
Public policy analysis by Peter Knoepfel, Corinne Larrue, Frédéric Varone, Michael Hill