By American Water Works Association
Supplying a competent offer of water calls for being ready for water shortages of various measure and length. What can a municipal water provider do to mitigate water shortages as a result of drought? getting ready for drought and water shortages earlier than they take place is the simplest safety. This handbook can help water managers dealing with water shortages by means of illustrating how one can hire tried-and-true options and strategies of drought mitigation, in addition to new instruments and strategies. coping with water shortages comprises briefly decreasing call for and discovering exchange water to briefly bring up provide. there are alternatives to be had to water managers to complete this. The handbook offers a confirmed, seven-step procedure to count on and reply to water shortages via a dependent making plans method.
record of Figures
record of Tables
desk of Contents
1. Step 1: shape a Water scarcity reaction workforce
2. Step 2: Forecast offer when it comes to call for
three. Step three: stability offer and insist and determine Mitigation ideas
four. Step four: identify Triggering degrees
five. Step five: increase a Staged call for relief application
6. Step 6: undertake the Plan
7. Step 7: enforce the Plan
Appendix A: Water scarcity Contingency making plans record
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Additional resources for Drought Preparedness and Response, M60
Each drought or other shortage situation has enough unique characteristics that a general plan cannot define all the scenarios and specific supply and demand management actions. The usefulness of a WSCP lies in planning the range of supply and demand management actions in advance of the situation and in defining the communication mechanisms by which decisions will be made during the event. Once the updated WSCP is completed, it should be formally adopted quicklycatastrophes can happen at any time.
Copyright (C) 2011 American Water Works Association All Rights Reserved AWWA MANUAL Step 4 Establish Triggering Levels The specific supply shortage that will trigger each of the water shortage plan stages should be identified. Then, in Step 5, with deficit reduction targets quantified, the appropriate water-saving measures can be selected for the demand reduction program. Triggers can include such indicators as water quality changes, supply interruptions, environmental changes and regional agreements.
Exactly how much water savings can be achieved in any given month is difficult to predict. A service area where most of the water use is residential with a large proportion used for landscape irrigation may have high summer savings relative to the annual Copyright (C) 2011 American Water Works Association All Rights Reserved 46 DROUGHT PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE average. Whereas, a service area with low summer irrigation demands may experience much less variation from the predicted annual average savings.
Drought Preparedness and Response, M60 by American Water Works Association