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Culture and Customs of Rwanda (Culture and Customs of - download pdf or read online

By Julius O. Adekunle

ISBN-10: 0313018510

ISBN-13: 9780313018510

ISBN-10: 0313331774

ISBN-13: 9780313331770

Rwanda has been within the information for the genocide of 1994 and its aftermath. This quantity exposes Western readers to the fuller photograph of Rwanda. Early eu tourists attested to Rwanda's good looks, describing it variously because the Switzerland of Africa and the Pearl of Africa. Rwanda has additionally been known as the Land of 1000 Hills and the Land of Gorillas. The remarkable volcanoes, mountains, and common assets are major resources. The country been ruled by means of colonial powers, the Germans and Belgians. inspite of those political upheavals and acts of ethnic violence, Rwanda is still a rustic with wealthy tradition and customs.Readers will study that residing jointly in concord has been a part of the Rwandan society, with its few ethnic teams, and conventional values supported a tradition of peace. The typically pastoral and agricultural society is overviewed. The bankruptcy on faith comprises dialogue of polytheism to Christianity. different chapters disguise the powerful family members and women's roles, the humanities and oral cultures, celebrations, nutrients, and get dressed.

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Extra resources for Culture and Customs of Rwanda (Culture and Customs of Africa)

Sample text

Medical practitioners or diviners (abapfumu) have the power to communicate with the spirits of the dead and to protect the living from malevolent acts from the dead ancestors or witches. The abapfumu use leaves, plants, and roots to make protective charms for their clients, and they receive pay for their services. Although some diviners are rainmakers, others engage in ­divination, healing or preventing diseases, interpreting dreams, and ­foretelling the future. In times of war, diviners provide protective medicines for soldiers.

Explorers such as Richard Burton, J. H. Speke, and H. M. Stanley went close to Rwanda but did not enter the kingdom. The first European explorer to enter the kingdom of Rwanda was Count von Gotzen. Thereafter, Christian missionaries fol­ lowed. Bishop Joseph Hirth (1854–1931) was a member of the Société des Missionaries d’Afrique (Society of the Missionaries of Africa, also known as the White Fathers). Cardinal Charles Martial Allemand Lavigerie founded the Society of the Missionaries of Africa in 1868 in Algiers (Algeria).

Unlike other totemic societies, the Rwandan clans did not believe that they descended from an animal or that the animals embodied the souls of their ancestors. Christianity was introduced to Rwanda in the late nineteenth century by the European missionaries, especially the Roman Catholic missionaries (White Fathers). Led by the Roman Catholic Church, a rapid spread of Christianity occurred in Rwanda. Education and health care were used to gain converts. Today, Rwanda is predominantly Roman Catholic.

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Culture and Customs of Rwanda (Culture and Customs of Africa) by Julius O. Adekunle


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