By Andrew Gross
This booklet argues that Aramaic scribes from antiquity drew upon a standard criminal culture. It identifies the exact components that shape the middle of this custom and strains their antecedents in the cuneiform list.
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Additional resources for Continuity and Innovation in the Aramaic Legal Tradition
156 Radner 1997:317; 2003:884. 157 Radner 1997:4–18 provides a survey of Neo-Assyrian legal documents and their findspots. For a list of Neo-Assyrian deeds of sale arranged according to findspot, see Radner 1997:317–37. Three Neo-Assyrian deeds of sale have been found in the territory of ancient Israel: one at Tell Hadid (Na’aman and Zadok 2000:159–69; Galil 2001) and two at Gezer (Becking 1981–82:80–89). 158 Radner 2003:884. The number of Neo-Assyrian deeds of sale available from the late 9th and early 8th century BCE has been greatly augmented by the recent publication of thirty previously unpublished deeds of sale from Kalhu (Ahmad and Postgate 2007).
Slanski further distinguishes between kudurrus and narûs. See p. 37 n. 135 below for more details. 97 According to C. Wilcke (2007:76), conveyances from the 3rd millennium BCE did not function as title-deeds that effected ownership. ” 98 Adapted from Gelb et al. 1991:4. 99 On the formularies of 3rd millennium BCE sale documents, see Gelb et al. 1991:199–250. The most comprehensive studies of these documents are Gelb et al. 1991; Steinkeller 1989; and Wilcke 2007. See also Edzard 1968; Krecher 1974, 1976–80; and Wilcke 1976–80.
Kienast 1976–80:538). , testaments and adoptions) also open with this formula. For more on these corpora, see below. 22 CHAPTER ONE this nonetheless likely reflected a local, western practice that would eventually be incorporated by Aramaic scribes into their legal formularies. Note, however, that in about half of the Wadi edDaliyeh papyri, the date formula comes at the end of the text rather than the beginning. 77 Place: With regard to the place of execution, the Aramaic tradition is less consistent.
Continuity and Innovation in the Aramaic Legal Tradition by Andrew Gross