By Michael J. Lace, John E. Mylroie
Carbonate rock coasts are came across world-wide, from continental seashores of the Adriatic Sea of Europe to the Yucatan Peninsula of North the US, and on tropical islands from Rodrigues Island within the Indian Ocean, to the Mariana Islands within the Pacific Ocean, to the Bahama Islands within the Atlantic Ocean. Such coasts are popular for his or her strange and special karst landforms. Karst methods, fairly these linked to coastal landforms, are proving to be strangely distinct and complicated.
This quantity provides a finished review of the tactics linked to coastal karst improvement evaluating examples from a wide geographical and geomorphological variety of island and continental shoreline/paleoshoreline settings, together with a evaluation of pseudokarst methods which could compete with and overprint dynamic coastal karst landscapes.
As powerful administration of hydrologic assets grows extra complicated, coastal caves and karst characterize primary elements in linked coastal aquifers, which within the rock checklist may also shape major petroleum reservoirs.
Audience via offering a clearer figuring out of the geological, organic, archaeological and cultural price of coastal caves and karst assets, this quantity bargains a serious device to coastal researchers and geoscientists in comparable fields and to coastal land managers because it illustrates the variety of coastal karst landforms, the original procedures which shaped them, the range of assets they harbor and their dating to coastal region protection innovations and the improvement of sustainable administration approaches.
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Additional resources for Coastal Karst Landforms
Despite being very conspicuous on numerous coastlines around the world, this type of karren lacks a widely accepted name. Both the centimeter-scale karren and meter-scale pinnacles have been assigned many different terms over the past few decades. Some of the synonyms include champignon surface (Stoddart et al. 1971), phytokarst (Folk et al. 1973), lacework morphology (Bull and Laverty 1982), etc. The term spitzkarren (Trudgill 1979) was also suggested, despite little similarity with spitzkarren originally described by B¨ogli (1960) (compare Trudgill’s Fig.
The microorganisms’ macroinvertebrate predators, especially littorinid gastropods, also play a geomorphic role by colonizing, scraping, and propagating pits and other negative relief (Fig. 2e) in search of prey. Effects of haloclastism are most obvious in units comprised of cemented sand and indirectly exposed to much seawater, where karren tends to develop delicate lace-like forms reminiscent of tiny tafoni (Fig. 2f). Alongside extraordinary irregularity, the most remarkable feature of this karren is the apparent continuum of form across a range of scales.
In general, subsoil karren co-occur with pockets of lithified soil. Once exposed to subaerial weathering, both are overprinted by various karren, particularly prolific small pits and sponge-like corrosion features that readily develop in carbonate-rich paleosol (Fig. 4c). A somewhat similar, though more extremely dissolved, type of cavernous weathering (see Ford and Williams 1989) forms by highly aggressive dissolution within halocline zone, particularly in cenotes and flank margin caves (Mylroie and Carew 1990).
Coastal Karst Landforms by Michael J. Lace, John E. Mylroie