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Building Coherence and Cohesion: Task-Oriented Dialogue in by Maite Taboada PDF

By Maite Taboada

ISBN-10: 9027253722

ISBN-13: 9789027253729

This ebook examines the assets that audio system hire while development conversations. those assets give a contribution to total coherence and team spirit, which audio system create and keep interactively as they construct on every one other’s contributions. The examine is cross-linguistic, drawing on parallel corpora of task-oriented dialogues among dyads of local audio system of English and Spanish. The framework of the research is the research of speech genres and their staging; the research exhibits that every degree within the dialogues shows assorted thematic, rhetorical, and cohesive kinfolk. the most contributions of the booklet are: a corpus-based characterization of a spoken style (task-oriented dialogue); the compilation of a physique of research instruments for widespread research; software of English-based analyses to Spanish and comparability among the 2 languages; and a learn of the features of every regular level in task-oriented discussion.

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Extra info for Building Coherence and Cohesion: Task-Oriented Dialogue in English and Spanish

Example text

Similarly, academic genres have been the subject of numerous studies, one of the most influential Swales’ (1990). Some scholars take genre as a starting point for contrastive analyses that reflect different discursive practices in different communities. Giannoni (2002) studies acknowledgments in research articles in English and Italian; Martín Martín (2002), abstracts of research papers in English and Spanish; Samraj (2002) studies introductions to research articles in different, but related, disciplines; and Paltridge (1993, 1997), the general characteristics of academic articles.

Although we might have a vague idea of what the situation involves, we are unaware of exactly which stages we need to complete, and in which order. Command of a genre is higher among those who operate in it most often (see also Swales (1990)). Many people who have an excellent command of a language often feel quite helpless in certain spheres of communication precisely because they do not have a practical command of the generic forms used in the given spheres. Frequently a person who has an excellent command of speech in some areas of cultural communication, who is able to read a scholarly paper or engage in a scholarly discussion, who speaks very well on social questions, is silent or very awkward in social conversation.

But how does all this relate to the concept of genre? I have described genres as socially-oriented and socially-enforced linguistic activities. Schemata (scripts, frames, scenarios; we can assign any of those names to the general concept) are representations of both general and linguistic activities. 6) information on how the particular piece of discourse is supposed to develop and what the appropriate language is, in general terms. Schema, genre and language interact with each other to determine the final outcome of the linguistic situation, and to help determine new situations.

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Building Coherence and Cohesion: Task-Oriented Dialogue in English and Spanish by Maite Taboada

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