By J. Aunesluoma
Juhana Aunesluoma considers the ways that Scandinavia's, specifically impartial Sweden's, courting used to be solid with the Western powers after the second one international struggle. He argues that in the early chilly struggle Britain had a unique position in Scandinavia and within the ways that Western orientated neutrality turned part of the foreign procedure. New proof is gifted on British, American and Swedish international and defence guidelines concerning neutrality within the chilly war.
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Additional info for Britain, Sweden and the Cold War, 1945–54: Understanding Neutrality
152 No corresponding appreciation of Converging or Competing Interests? 1945–47 21 Finland’s position existed in London, thus showing the Americans’ (at this stage) more idealistically coloured view of the Nordic region in the growing East–West tension. 153 In Washington Scandinavia was clearly regarded as of more interest to Britain than to the US. During and immediately after the war the Americans, in most issues, followed the lead of the British in Scandinavia. 154 Geir Lundestad’s thesis is that in 1945–47 the US generally showed little interest towards Scandinavia compared with the British, but that this interest increased from late 1947.
In Britain’s policy towards Scandinavia the main problem was pinned down to Sweden’s future political orientation. As a result, Britain began to develop closer relations with Sweden on the basis of ground-level interaction among the military, and on commercial and diplomatic levels. These contacts soon brought home the fact that Britain’s Scandinavian dilemma could only be solved in concert with the Swedes. As the cold war intensified in 1947 the urgency of this problem increased but also became more complicated when both the Soviet Union and the US stepped up their involvement in the region.
From a COS point of view, the prospect of having a Scandinavian bloc in the north was attractive. Nevertheless, the plan was seen as worthwhile to the Scandinavian countries themselves only if they could be sure of armed backing by the Western powers. COS suggested that the British contribution should be limited to covert advice on military matters. The question of supplying a Scandinavian bloc would be best resolved by letting the already well-developed Swedish armaments industry produce British arms under licence.
Britain, Sweden and the Cold War, 1945–54: Understanding Neutrality by J. Aunesluoma