By Abida Farooqi
This ebook offers an up to the moment evaluate of arsenic and fluoride toxins of soil and groundwater in Pakistan. It contains the author’s doctoral dissertation on Lahore as a case research and describes the mechanism of pollutants at the foundation of the findings in that quarter. The e-book highlights the concrete state of affairs in Pakistan – together with the severity of the matter, its wellbeing and fitness results and the dangers posed to the folk dwelling in affected parts through those significant pollution– and issues out crucial study components that decision for instant realization. As such, it attracts cognizance to the necessity for administration options within the affected components and provides a beneficial reference paintings on Pakistan for college kids and researchers alike.
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Additional resources for Arsenic and Fluoride Contamination: A Pakistan Perspective
Millions of people that reside along the banks of river Indus, principally in Punjab and Sindh provinces in Pakistan are exposed to high level of arsenic and should be a major target for mitigation. 4 Epidemiological Investigation of Arsenic in Pakistan Arsenic concentration is found to be high in different areas of Pakistan in ground and surface water which is used for drinking and irrigation purposes. By the use of As contaminated water, public health is severely affected in the country (Shah et al.
1991) Ashraf et al. (1991) Ashraf et al. (1991) Tariq et al. (1994) Nickson et al. (2005) Arain et al. (2009a) Kazi et al. (2009) Muhammad et al. (2010) Baig et al. (2009) Muhammad et al. (2010) Muhammad et al. 73 Industrial wastewater Peshawar Industrial Estate No. 1 Peshawar Gujranwala Industrial Estate No. 2 Hattar Industrial Estate Haripur Industrial discharge water Industrial discharge water Industrial discharge water – – 643 – – 475 – – 942 country is exposed to high doses of Arsenic and are under risk of various health problems and overexposure may cause a decrease in the production of red and white blood cells, gastrointestinal irritation, disruption of heart rhythm, blood vessels damage and may cause “pins and needles” sensation in hands and feet (Abernathy et al.
Although arsenic’s acute toxicity has been described by these organizations, UNICEF, LG&RD, PCSIR & PHED, but the possible sources and the factors controlling the As and F− solubility in groundwater and those in soil along with the geochemistry of As and F− was not discussed before, moreover there was lack of any scientiﬁcally published data from Pakistan. The main objectives of the study are: • To know the extent of contamination and the spatial distribution of As and F− in groundwaters and soils from Punjab Pakistan.
Arsenic and Fluoride Contamination: A Pakistan Perspective by Abida Farooqi