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Read e-book online Aristocratic Century: The Peerage of Eighteenth-Century PDF

By John Cannon

ISBN-10: 0521335663

ISBN-13: 9780521335669

Because the paintings of Butterfield and Namier within the Nineteen Thirties, it has in general been stated that eighteenth-century England seems atomised, left without total interpretation. next paintings on spiritual adjustments and on get together strife served to enhance just like a divided society, and within the final ten years historians of the terrible and unprivileged have instructed that underneath the skin lurked enormous well known discontent. Professor Cannon makes use of his 1982 Wiles Lecture to provide a distinct interpretation - that the frequent attractiveness of aristocratic values and aristocratic management gave a extraordinary highbrow, political and social coherence to the century. He strains the restoration made through the aristocracy from its decade in 1649 while the home of Lords was once abolished as dead and unsafe. After the wonderful Revolution of 1688, the peerage re-established its carry on executive and society. Professor Cannon is compelled to problem one of the most loved ideals of English historiography - that Hanoverian society, at its best point, used to be an open elite, constantly replenished through energetic recruits from different teams and periods. He means that, to the contrary, in a few respects the English peerage was once extra particular than a lot of its continental opposite numbers and that the openness was once a delusion which itself served a powerful political goal. Of the prospering burgeoisie, he argues that the impressive factor was once now not their assertiveness yet their lengthy acquiescence in patrician rule, and he poses the anomaly of a rustic more and more ruled by means of a landed aristocracy giving beginning to the 1st business revolution. His ultimate bankruptcy discusses the ideological under-pinning which made aristocratic supremacy appropriate for thus lengthy, and the emergence of these forces and beliefs that have been finally to exchange it.

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This analysis of the new creations from 1780 to 1800 indicates that there is no reason to believe that they were significantly different in social origins from those of previous decades. It is true that there was a considerable increase but it must be doubtful whether this did more than keep up with the increase in the total population in the period. It remains remarkably difficult to find new peers who had not already some connection with the nobility. 75 76 Peerage and pedigree, n, 213—20. For an analysis of Pitt's creations as a whole, reaching similar conclusions, see Gerda C.

M. Ogilvie, Latin and Greek: A history of the influence of the classics on English life from 1600 to 1918 (1964). The latter is particularly related to the theme of this chapter, though, in my view, the author was persuaded by reliance on Christopher Hill (which is acknowledged) to predate the political supremacy of the middle classes. This creates some difficulty in explaining why a commercial and financial elite should be wedded to a classical education which seems scarcely appropriate to their needs.

In 1789. Gideon's father was a government financier and Gideon himself was given a baronetcy at the age of thirteen. He subsequently sat for Cambridgeshire. Wraxall described him as one of the richest but also most benevolent men of the time. He married a daughter of Sir John Eardley Wilmot, Chief Justice of Common Pleas, changed his name to Eardlty, and took the title, Baron Eardley. Lawless became Lord Cloncurry. RECRUITMENT Of the thirty-eight persons not closely connected to the aristocracy, eleven were lawyers or had a legal background;96 three were army officers and one a naval officer;97 three had been in the employ of the East India Company; 98 three had been diplomats;99 the remaining seventeen include Cloncurry, Eardley and Carrington (see pp.

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Aristocratic Century: The Peerage of Eighteenth-Century England by John Cannon


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