By John R. Bartlett
Those are fascinating instances for all these interested by the background of historic Israel, Judaism, and early Christianity, for the previous couple of a long time have visible an remarkable volume of scholarly paintings upon either textual and artifactual proof. a transparent figuring out of the connection among archaeology and literary fabric is essential for students who desire to reconstruct the heritage of rising Israel. The papers assembled during this booklet use the latest learn in key areas--the early settlements of Israel, early Israelite faith, Qumran, Jerusalem, early Christian churches--to exhibit that historical writings and sleek archaeology can remove darkness from one another, yet purely while used with specialist care. The essays symbolize a brand new iteration of archaeologists and historians, with new social, political and non secular issues who draw a clean and important photo of the emergence of historical Israel.
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Extra info for Archaeology and Biblical Interpretation
1981) ‘ The impact of the “New Archaeology” on Syro-Palestinian archaeology ’, BASOR 242, 15–19. — (1981) ‘Retrospects and prospects in biblical and Syro-Palestinian archaeology’, BA 45, 103–7. — (1984) ‘Asherah, consort of Yahweh? New evidence from Kuntillet Ajrud’, BASOR 255, 21–37. — (1984) ‘ Yigael Yadin (1917–1984): In Memoriam ’, BASOR 256, 3–5. — (1985) ‘Syro-Palestinian and biblical archaeology’, in D. A. Knight and G. M. Tucker (eds) The Hebrew Bible and its Modern Interpreters, Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 31–74.
It was abandoned as Jerusalem later grew into an urban centre (cf. 3). (4) cIzbet Sartah, located in the ‘buffer-zone’ in the low hills just east of Canaanite Aphek, may be identified with biblical Ebenezer, where the famous battle between the Canaanites and Israelites took place (I Sam 4:1, 2). It was almost completely excavated in 1976–8 by Israel Finkelstein in a modern, interdisciplinary project and is our most fully published ‘proto-Israelite’ site. Its occupational history is confined to the late thirteenth–tenth century BCE.
1) The Exodus story is nowhere illuminated by references to ‘Israelites’ in Egyptian New Kingdom texts, or by the discovery of nomadic routes and encampments in the Sinai desert, despite intensive exploration of the latter by Israeli archaeologists. The one identifiable site excavated – Kadesh-barnea, where the Israelites would have sojourned for some forty years in the thirteenth century BCE – has no remains whatsoever before the tenth century BCE. (2) Most of southern Transjordan is now well known archaeologically, but it is clear that the Edomites, Moabites and other sedentary peoples that the incoming Israelites are said to have encountered were not yet settled in the Late Bronze Age, indeed not until two or probably three centuries later.
Archaeology and Biblical Interpretation by John R. Bartlett