By Richard A. Billows
Known as through Plutarch ''the oldest and maximum of Alexander's successors,'' Antigonos the One-Eyed (382-301 BC) used to be the dominant determine in the course of the first half the Diadoch interval, ruling lots of the Asian territory conquered by way of the Macedonians in the course of his ultimate 20 years. Billows offers the 1st targeted learn of this nice common and administrator, developing him as a key contributor to the Hellenistic monarchy and kingdom. After a winning occupation below Philip and Alexander, Antigonos rose to energy over the Asian element of Alexander's conquests. Embittered by means of the power hostility of these who managed the ecu and Egyptian components of the empire, he attempted to put off those competitors, an ambition which resulted in his ultimate defeat in 301. In a corrective to the normal motives of his goals, Billows exhibits that Antigonos was once scarcely prompted via Alexander, looking to rule West Asia and the Aegean, instead of the entire of Alexander's Empire.
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Referred to as by way of Plutarch ''the oldest and maximum of Alexander's successors,'' Antigonos the One-Eyed (382-301 BC) was once the dominant determine throughout the first 1/2 the Diadoch interval, ruling many of the Asian territory conquered through the Macedonians in the course of his ultimate two decades. Billows presents the 1st special learn of this nice common and administrator, setting up him as a key contributor to the Hellenistic monarchy and kingdom.
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Additional resources for Antigonos the One-Eyed and the Creation of the Hellenistic State
Antipatros decided to cross to the royal camp and address the soldiery, who were demanding arrears of pay (Arrian 1,32; Polyainos IV 6,4). But when he tried to explain that he did not have enough money to pay them immediately, promising to pay them later from the royal treasuries, the impatient soldiery rioted and began to stone him. Antigonos, who had remained behind in Antipatros's camp, saw his friend's danger and charged across the bridge between the two camps into the midst of the tumult with a body of cavalry, overawing the soldiers into making way for him (Polyainos IV 6,4).
After spending three days in the territory of Termessos, Antigonos marched back over the Klimax Pass to Kretopolis on his way to Phrygia. At Kretopolis he was met by Aristodemos of Miletos with the news that Antipatros had died and before his death had nominated Polyperchon to replace him as regent of the kings (Diod. XVIII 47, 4). This news caused Antigonos to review his position. As general of Asia he now stood at the head of armed forces totaling 60,000 infantry, 10,000 cavalry, and seventy elephants; there was no power in Asia to match him (Diod.
Eumenes, having been completely outgeneraled in this battle, nevertheless showed his mettle in the aftermath. Escaping with a substantial body of troops, he captured and killed the traitor Apollonides, evaded the pursuit of Antigonos's forces, and doubled back to the battlefield, where he buried his dead (Plut. Eum. 9, 2). He then nearly captured Antigonos's baggage train under Menandros (see app. 3, no. 71). Eventually, however, Antigonos caught up with Eumenes, who was forced to take refuge in a stronghold called Nora with his closest followers, some 600–700 in number (Diod.
Antigonos the One-Eyed and the Creation of the Hellenistic State by Richard A. Billows