By M. Grant
Civil defence used to be an essential component of Britain’s glossy background. in the course of the chilly struggle it used to be a imperative reaction of the British govt to the specter of struggle. This book is the 1st historical past of the arrangements to struggle a nuclear battle taken in Britain among the top of the second one international struggle and 1968.
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Additional info for After The Bomb: Civil Defence and Nuclear War in Cold War Britain, 1945-68
Although there were some genuine results from this concentration on dispersal, such as the ‘Port Emergency Scheme’ for lessening the reliance on Liverpool and London in wartime by activating importing capacity in lesser ports, the overall impact of the work on dispersal was largely negative. 69 This outline policy was aimed at both protecting the population from the effects of a future war and protecting the ability of the nation to continue to fight it. The latter imperative, of course, inspired the work on industrial dispersal whilst the former led to a reappraisal of those life-saving measures so familiar from the Second World War.
Casualties would have undoubtedly outstripped those of the Blitz. For ministers, however, concentrating on resolving the crisis rather than preparing for its escalation, any publicity surrounding civil defence preparations must be avoided. 82 This decision set in motion a flurry of activity to prepare an emergency civil defence plan, part of which was a list of what could be done if the publicity ban was lifted. The list of 16 key subjects to be considered across various Whitehall departments gives an impression of the scale of the task facing civil defence planners.
Of the key policies of the 1945–48 period, only industrial dispersal failed to take root. It was far too ambitious and would have had far too large an impact on the ordinary domestic economy for it ever to have been a viable peacetime policy. 70 The Soviet Union cut off the land routes from the western zones of Germany and sealed the borders to the British, American and French sectors of Berlin on 24 June 1948 as part of its determination not to see the British and the Americans succeed in establishing a separate, capitalist German state in their sectors of Germany and Berlin.
After The Bomb: Civil Defence and Nuclear War in Cold War Britain, 1945-68 by M. Grant