By H. T. Dickinson
This authoritative better half introduces readers to the advancements that bring about Britain changing into an outstanding global strength, the best ecu imperial kingdom, and, whilst, the main economically and socially complicated, politically liberal and religiously tolerant kingdom in Europe.
- Covers political, social, cultural, fiscal and non secular background. Written by way of a global group of specialists.
- Examines Britain's place from the viewpoint of different eu nations.
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Extra info for A Companion to Eighteenth-Century Britain
T. dickinson precise nature and extent of the liberties which British subjects could legitimately demand as their historic or natural rights. It was accepted by all that every subject had the right to enjoy freedom from oppression and that each individual was free to do some things without interference from government or legislature. There was a moral limit to the power of government or parliament to interfere with the activities of subjects. It was also agreed that this sphere of free action could not be unlimited, because this would mean that no government or parliament could possess any legitimate or effective authority over its subjects.
The crown and the aristocracy could also exercise considerable authority over thousands of ordinary parish clergy because so many clergymen obtained their livings through lay patronage. The church as a whole still possessed considerable wealth and property and it continued to play a major role in providing education, distributing charity and disseminating news and views. Clerical propaganda played a major role in promoting the notion of a Protestant constitution and of a Protestant people constantly at war with militant Catholicism and French absolutism.
The monarch always remained at the pinnacle of an aristocratic social hierarchy and leading politicians always sought access to the royal court in order to secure royal favour. Court posts conferred honour, distinction, inﬂuence and material rewards, but it was the monarch’s right to appoint to the leading positions in the government that made it vital for politicians to gain access to the monarch in the royal closet. In the last resort, all government measures required the monarch’s approval if they were to have any chance of passing through parliament.
A Companion to Eighteenth-Century Britain by H. T. Dickinson