By Floyd Weatherspoon
African-American men and the U.S. Justice approach of Marginalization presents an outline of the commercial and social prestige of African-American men in the USA, which maintains to go to pot at an alarming fee. Weatherspoon posits that during each American institutional method, from delivery to demise, the adventure of African-American men to accomplish racial justice and fairness during this state is overlooked, marginalized, and exploited. the yankee justice method, particularly, has authorised and occasionally sanctioned the marginalization of African-American men as complete voters. Weatherspoon examines the concept African-American men are disproportionately represented in each point of the felony justice process, and that the marginalization of African-American men in the US has a protracted and treacherous background that keeps to negatively impression their fiscal, political, and social prestige.
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Additional resources for African-American Males and the U.S. Justice System of Marginalization: A National Tragedy
S. 103 In United States v. Jennings,104 the officer acknowledged that half of his airport stops involved African-American or Hispanic passengers. ” The Constitution guarantees the right to travel without governmental interference. Although this right is enjoyed without thought by most Americans, African-American males are routinely stopped and singled out for interrogation, detainment, arrest, searches, and prosecution by the Drug Enforcement Administration’s (“DEA”) practice of stopping African-American male passengers at airports and bus stations to determine whether they are transporting drugs.
Unfortunately, the killing of African-American males by law enforcement officials may also have a direct correlation to the percentage of African-Americans being stopped. S. Supreme Court in Terry v. Ohio74 placed limitations on the ability of enforcement officers to stop and search individuals without reasonable suspicion that they were engaged in criminal activity. ”75 In addition, the Supreme Court held in the United States v. Sokolow76 that “police conduct carried out solely on the basis of imprecise stereotypes of what criminals look like, or on the basis of irreverent personal characteristics such as race” violates the Fourth Amendment.
S. 48 As a result of the Supreme Court’s decision and with state legislation, California now leads the way in reducing its prison population. 53 As in previous surveys, African-American males, particularly those in their twenties and thirties, are disproportionately incarcerated in local jails. 4 Probation and parole: a revolving door As the number of individuals incarcerated explodes so does the number of individuals on probation and parole. 55 As with other data on correctional populations, African-Americans disproportionately represented with 30% on probation56 and 40% on parole.
African-American Males and the U.S. Justice System of Marginalization: A National Tragedy by Floyd Weatherspoon