By Edward M. Harris
Filling an immense hole in scholarship, this can be the 1st full-length research of the Athenian flesh presser Aeschines. in addition to Isocrates, Aeschines used to be some of the most favorite Athenian politicians who recommended pleasant ties with the Macedonian king Philip II. notwithstanding overshadowed through his recognized rival Demosthenes, Aeschines performed a key function within the decisive occasions that marked the increase of Macedonian energy in Greece and shaped the transition from the Classical to the Hellenistic interval. 3 lengthy speeches via Aeschines, all added in court docket battles along with his opponent Demosthenes, were preserved and supply us with useful information regarding Athenian politics in the course of a tremendous turning element in Greek background. This examine of Aeschines' political occupation examines the reliability of court docket speeches as ancient facts and indicates how they assist show how democratic associations really functioned in Athens while confronted with the increase of Macedonian strength.
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It is perhaps no accident that the first public activity of Pericles we know about is his victory as choregos for Aeschylus' dramatic trilogy of 472. Nicias was able to maintain Family, Early Career, and Start in Politics 35 public favor by his unstinting generosity, most notably by his benefactions to the sanctuary of Apollo on Delos. 50 Another way to start on a political career was through the courts. Since there was no public prosecutor in Athens, it was possible for anyone to prosecute someone whom he suspected of a public crime.
Philip then tried the same tactic with the Athenians. Knowing their desire to retake Amphipolis, he removed the Macedonian garrison stationed there in hopes of inducing them to abandon Argaeus. The gesture failed, and Philip was forced to meet his rival in battle. Although he routed Argaeus' soldiers, Philip realized that one victory would not cause the Athenians to renounce their ambition to regain Amphipolis. Nor could he afford to have the Athenians as his enemies when his own borders remained vulnerable.
Their lack of money was so acute that the general Chares was forced to hire out Athenian troops to the rebellious satrap Artabazus in order to replenish their depleted coffers. Chares' strategem put a temporary end to their financial troubles, but it created a serious diplomatic problem: the Great King of Persia was furious and threatened to side with Athens' rebellious allies if they did not withdraw their support from his enemy Artabazus. Short of funds and unwilling to provoke further the wrath of the Great King, the Athenians had no choice but to come to terms with the rebels and grant them independence.
Aeschines and Athenian Politics by Edward M. Harris