By S. Betzelt, S. Bothfeld
This booklet analyzes in what method activation rules effect on given styles of social citizenship that predominate in nationwide contexts. It argues that the liberal paradigm of activation brought into labour marketplace regulations in all Western eu states demanding situations the categorical styles of social citizenship in every one state.
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Additional resources for Activation and Labour Market Reforms in Europe: Challenges to Social Citizenship
Peter Taylor-Gooby points out that Western European welfare states dispose of sufﬁcient political and cultural resources to maintain the traditional features of social security provision (Taylor-Gooby, 2009). And empirical studies conﬁrm that welfare beneﬁts for the vulnerable are largely tolerated and that solidarity is not necessarily limited to the respective individual life perspective and need. But we also know that solidaristic attitudes are even more pronounced in wealthy societies or social groups (Larsen, 2008) and can be considered as a reﬂection of the commitment to social rights as a collective good and basic egalitarian value.
This normative shift principally undermines the tolerance towards unemployed persons and other marginalized social groups (Taylor-Gooby, 2009). The objective of this book is therefore to search for ‘institutional traces’ of this normative shift and show by what mechanisms and institutional changes this shift is implemented, and what this means in terms of social citizenship and individual autonomy. Another related fundamental problem addressed in this book is that the activation paradigm has replaced the former logic of welfare allocation – a combination of equity and solidarity as typical principles of organizing social security schemes.
The dimension of individual identity and afﬁliation Afﬁliation is similar to the ‘sense of belonging’ or ‘felt membership’ but constitutes a less formalized concept. It denotes a mental and psychological status, in which an individual feels secure and respected and is able – despite possible vulnerabilities – to develop self-esteem and independent ideas about her life plans and perspectives. Afﬁliation does not necessarily require that the individual is active but that she, having developed a unique identity, should feel self-esteem and self-awareness, which both represent undeniable preconditions for equitable agency.
Activation and Labour Market Reforms in Europe: Challenges to Social Citizenship by S. Betzelt, S. Bothfeld