By Marc Van de Mieroop
This booklet provides a transparent, concise heritage of the intense multicultural civilizations of the traditional close to East. Bestselling narrative of the advanced historical past of the traditional close to EastAddresses political, social, and cultural developmentsContains in-depth dialogue of key texts and resources, together with the Bible and the Epic of GilgameshIncludes various maps, illustrations, and a variety of close to jap texts in translationIntegrates new study, and vastly expands the publications to additional analyzing for this moment version
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Additional info for A History of the Ancient Near East, ca 3000-323 BC, 2nd edition (Blackwell History of the Ancient World)
The newly emergent elites may have wished access to exotic materials, whose possession distinguished them from the rest of the people. Many luxury goods ORIGINS: THE URUK PHENOMENON 39 were only available outside Mesopotamia: semi-precious stones, gold, silver, and so on. The settlements to the east and north could be seen as colonies of southerners, assuring access to these resources through interaction with local populations. Moreover, the conviction that a god had influence beyond the city limits may have contributed to an expansionist ideology.
1 The Written Sources and their Historical Uses The written sources for the study of this period cover a variety of genres. Administrative documents continue to dominate in number, but we also have political narratives written for some rulers of the period, and later literary materials that relate stories about others. Administrative archives appear in different sites in increasingly large quantities. The information they contain becomes more extensive, and the texts themselves are more comprehensible to us, as they start to reflect more closely the spoken language through the expression of phonetic and grammatical elements.
From later Ur I11 period texts, we know that the quotas were high: one woman had to produce 10 liters of regular flour or 20 liters of coarse flour per day. Weaving quotas could easily be as high as 2 square meters a day. 6While the Early Dynastic accounts are for women as groups, it is likely that they worked individually at home, simultaneously taking care of children. These tasks were primarily cottage industries. Belonging to a great household also provided a means of survival to the weak in society.
A History of the Ancient Near East, ca 3000-323 BC, 2nd edition (Blackwell History of the Ancient World) by Marc Van de Mieroop