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Download PDF by William Pierce Shephard: A contribution to the history of the unaccented vowels in

By William Pierce Shephard

From the INTRODUCTION.
In all languages owning a good constructed expiratory accessory there's discovered an inclination to weaken the syllables which stand at the reduce phases of accentuation. The power dedicated to the construction of the syllable on which the main accessory rests makes invaluable a discount within the strength of the expiration of the opposite syllables of the notice. The vowels of those syllables then convey a lack of sonority; and are susceptible to be lowered to that caliber which calls for the smallest amount of expiratory strength for his or her articulation. purely that half is left that's completely priceless for the life of the syllable. Or, in different situations, the aid may fit nonetheless farther. Then the weaker syllables disappear completely; the strength as soon as expended on their construction is going to swell the tension given to the extra hugely accented syllables, and so they lose their autonomous life. to monitor the influence of those developments, now we have simply to match a language with a chromatic—or musical—accent with one owning a robust expiratory rigidity. within the former, the entire vowels are articulated enormously and customarily preserved via lengthy classes of improvement; within the latter, they're first diminished in strength, their articulation is slurred or hasty, and so they frequently disappear totally. for instance, in old Greek, which had surely a tone-accent, there are virtually no examples of the syncope of unaccented vowels. the single situations of loss are as a result next contraction of 2 vowels status in hiatus after the outfall of an intervocal j or w. yet within the Teutonic department, however, the vowels of the unaccented syllables are regularly weakened; from the earliest interval this tendency should be saw, and its operation is unchecked at the moment day. In smooth English those vowels are always slurred in pronunciation, and are usually weakened to the so-called '' irrational'' vowel (the sound of u in but), that is repeatedly an insignificant voice-glide, with out made up our minds articulation.

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Extra info for A contribution to the history of the unaccented vowels in Old French

Example text

C ’è un grande cie­ lo e sotto il granturco, la soia, ancora molto cotone, ma gli uomini e le donne di allora se ne sono andati, da tre generazioni, verso Chicago, il Kansas, la California. La semina e il raccolto sono fatti da macchine grandi co­ me case, gli aerei spargono fertilizzanti e pesticidi co­ me tanti turiboli con l’incenso in chiese deserte, un pu­ gno di enormi aziende fornisce le sementi e raccoglie i prodotti che diventano additivi della benzina per le automobili. E naturalm ente, la natura presenta il con­ to con alluvioni, siccità, erosione, restituzione nel cor­ po umano dei veleni sparsi dall’industria alimentare e da quella chimica.

Non ci fu nessun assembramento sulla piazza da­ vanti al Duomo che rendesse necessario l’intervento dei 51 carabinieri, non ci fu nessun comizio, non ci fu nessun aiuto da parte delle autorità per sostenere le famiglie degli uccisi. Dei Defatta e dei loro cugini - definiti «co­ loni» - non si venne a sapere praticam ente nulla e nes­ suno parve interessarsi alla loro storia; non avevano mai m andato a casa le loro fotografie in giacca, panciotto e orologio; non avevano scritto lettere, fatto sapere.

E quella che studiamo a scuola sotto il nome di «Ter­ za guerra di indipendenza»). Non era andata bene, anzi era stato un disastro. La marina austriaca, tu tta composta di m arinai veneti abituati a navigare e a darsi gli ordini nel loro dialet­ to (quelli che, secondo i Savoia, non vedevano l ’ora ili diventare italiani), sbaragliò una pomposa, corrot­ 39 ta, assurda flotta italiana, di dieci volte più grande, in cui gli ammiragli erano dei nobili piem ontesi, gli uf­ ficiali non avevano mai vinto una battaglia, e l’unica forza all’altezza della situazione era la ciurma raccol­ ta a forza dai porti del m eridione.

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A contribution to the history of the unaccented vowels in Old French by William Pierce Shephard


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